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第一部分 职业教育之萌芽 (1928—1949)
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第一部分  职业教育之萌芽 (1928—1949)

  辛亥革命和1919年爆发的“五四”爱国运动,唤醒了中华民族的仁人志士。一批倡导新文化的青年知识分子,在西方工业革命和俄国“十月革命”的影响下,抱着“教育兴国”、“实业救国”的理想,不断投身新民主主义运动。1917年,黄炎培先生在上海创办中华职业教育社,从此,“使无业者有业,有业者乐业”的职业教育思想在中国大地迅速传播开来。

  1928年,北京女子师范学校毕业的吴云芳女士,联络陕西教育界名人在西安成立了“西安第一女子平民职业学校”。1935年正式纳入国家国民教育序列并易名“陕西省私立培华女子初级染织科职业学校”,成为陕西省当年唯一的女子职业学校。1945年,为扩展专业和扩大招生获准更名“西安培华职业学院”。

Early last century in China, it was the Xinhai Revolution (Year 1911) and the May 4th Movement which took place in May 1919 that awakened groups of young and energetic Chinese with lofty ideals. They were the first group of young and educated Chinese intellectuals who strived to advocate a new culture. With the influence of the October Revolution of Russia and the industrialization movement in the West, they held strong ideals of “Education for the Future Prospect of China” and “Industrial and National Rejuvenation,” engaging themselves in the New Democratic Movement. In 1917, Mr. Huang Yanpei established the China National Vocational Education Society in Shanghai with the ideal principle of “Making the Unemployed Be Employed and the Employed Work in Peace and Contentment.” Thus, in short time, his ideas and thoughts were widely spread and accepted in China.

In 1928, Madame Wu Yunfang, a recent graduate from Beijing Women’s Normal School, started a campaign by organizing the celebrities in Shaanxi’s education sector, and established the First Civil Women’s Vocational School in Xian. In 1935, it was officially incorporated into the national education system and the school was renamed as the Shaanxi Private Peihua Women’s Primary Weaving and Dyeing Vocational School. It was the first and only women’s vocational school in Shaanxi Province at that time. In 1945, with governmental approval, the school was renamed Xian Peihua Vocational School as its curriculum expanded and enrollment increased.